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This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Alexandrovich and the family name is Osmerkin.
Alexander Alexandrovich Osmerkin (8 Dec. [O.S. 26 Nov,] 1892 - June 25, 1953); Russian painter, graphic artist, stage designer, and art teacher. He was a member of the Knave of Diamonds avant-garde group, AKhRR, and Society of Moscow Artists (OMKh) groups. From 1932 he was a member of the Leningrad Artist Union.
Alexander Osmerkin was born in Elisavetgrad (now Kirovohrad, Ukraine) into the family of a post-office clerk. Young Osmerkin was raised by his Ukrainian nanny, who eventually stayed with him through the rest of his life as his personal assistant. He took his first art lessons at the drawing department at Elisavetgrad Regional Professional School under a Peredvizhnik painter Feodosy Kozachinskiy.
Osmerkin, as a highly original artist who contributed to development of the Russian avant-garde, risked suffering from Soviet officialdom under Joseph Stalin. He saw the destruction of private art collections, even some museums and libraries. Osmerkin survived the first wave of persecution of Russian intellectuals. He was emotionally devastated by the arrest and execution of his friend Osip Mandelstam. During the 1940s and 1950s Osmerkin enjoyed a continuous friendship with poet Anna Akhmatova.
In 1946, the Soviet Communist Party started attacks on some intellectuals and creative artists. Along with other victims of such attacks, Osmerkin was accused of formalism, and spreading western influence to Soviet art. He was banned from teaching and exhibiting his works, so he was left without any income. During his last years, Osmerkin was completely cut off from the Soviet public life and became an underground artist, who expressed himself in painting. He died on 25 June 1953 while working on a landscape painting near Moscow.... Alexander Osmerkin created over 700 works of art in a variety of genres.