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Andreas Bernhard Lyonel Feininger (Dec. 27, 1906-Feb. 18, 1999), an American photographer and a writer on photographic technique. Noted for his dynamic black-and-white scenes of Manhattan and for studies of the structures of natural objects.
Born in Paris, France, to Julia Berg, German Jewish, and Lyonel Feininger, an American who lived in Germany for 50 years. A famous painter and contemporary of Klee and Kandinsky, his father was born in New York City, in 1871, where he died in 1956. His great-grandfather emigrated from Durlach, Baden, in Germany, to the United States in 1848. His younger brother was the painter T. Lux Feininger (1910–2011), who began his professional career as a photographer.
Feininger grew up and was educated as an architect in Germany, where his father painted and taught, at Staatliches Bauhaus. In 1936, he gave up architecture and moved to Sweden, where he focused on photography. In advance of World War II, in 1939, Feininger immigrated to the US where he established himself as a freelance photographer. In 1943 he joined the staff of Life magazine, an association that lasted until 1962.
Feininger became famous for his photographs of New York. Other frequent subjects among his works were science and nature, as seen in bones, shells, plants, and minerals in the images of which he often stressed their structure. Rarely did he photograph people or make portraits.
Feininger wrote comprehensive manuals about photography, of which the best known is The Complete Photographer. In the introduction to one of Feininger's books of photographs, Ralph Hattersley, the editor of the photography journal Infinity, described him as "one of the great architects who helped create photography as we know it today." In 1966, the American Society of Media Photographers (ASMP) awarded Feininger its highest distinction, the Robert Leavitt Award. n 1991, the International Center of Photography awarded Feininger the... (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andreas_Feininger)