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Charley Toorop (March 24, 1891 –Nov. 5, 1955); Dutch painter and lithographer. Her full name was Annie Caroline Pontifex Fernhout-Toorop.
Born in Katwijk, she was the daughter of Jan Toorop and Annie Hall. She married the philosopher Henk Fernhout in May 1912, but they divorced in 1917. Her son Edgar Fernhout (1912-74) also became a painter. Her other son, John Fernhout (1913-87), became a filmmaker, and often worked together with Joris Ivens. As a filmmaker he sometimes used the name John Ferno. Charley's daughter-in-law was the well-known Jewish photographer Eva Besnyö (1910–2003), who married John in 1933.
...Charley Toorop became a member of the group of artists called Het Signaal (The Signal) in 1916. The group aimed at depicting a deep sense of reality through the use of colors and heavily accentuated lines and through fierce contrasts of colours. This is one of the reasons why Toorop is seen as an adherent of the Bergense School.
Toorop befriended other artists, including Bart van der Leck and Piet Mondriaan. In 1926 Charley Toorop went to live for 2 years in Amsterdam, where her painting became influenced by film. Frontally depicted figures stand isolated from each other, as if lit by lamps at a movie set. Her still lifes show kinship to the synthetic cubism of Juan Gris. From the 1930s onwards, she painted many female figures, as well as nudes and self portraits in a powerful, realistic style. Well-known is her large painting Three Generations (Drie generaties) (1941–1950; in the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam) ... (Wikipedia)
... Toorop was a self-taught painter who became affiliated with the Bergense School from the 1910s through the 1920s. The Bergense School was an artist colony situated in the Dutch village of Bergen in the northwest of the country. It was found by the French painter Henri Le Fauconnier and the Dutch painter Piet van Wijngaerdt.