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Franciska Clausen (7 Jan. 1899 – 5 March 1986); Danish painter.
Clausen studied at the Die Grossherzogliche sächsische Hochschule für bildende Kunst in Weimar, Germany, at the Women’s Academy in Munich, at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, in Copenhagen, and under Hans Hofmann at the Hofmann Schule Fur Moderne Kunst in Munich. She subsequently sought out private lessons from Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Alexander Archipenko in Berlin, and under Fernand Léger in Paris.
She was inspired by Laszlo Moholy-Nagy’s Constructionist collages. From 1924-28 when Clausen worked in Paris, cubism can been seen in her paintings based on Legers ‘machine style art’. In the paintings from this period such as Konstruktiv modellstudie, Contre-Composition, and Komposition, , the influence of Leger’s machine style is clearly visible. In 1933 she taught at the Tegne- og Kunstindustriskole for Kvinder (Drawing and applied arts school for women) in Copenhagen. Through her career Clausen passed through most of the stages in the development of modern art, and her paintings show elements of Neue Sachlichkeit, Constructivism, Cubism, Neo-plasticism, Surrealism and Purism in her paintings, though her greatest influence was Léger.
Clausen holds an important position in Danish art history....
From Åbenrå to the European avant-guard
Franciska Clausen was born on 7 Jan. 1899 on the threshold of a new century in which pictorial art would innovate by departing from the rigorous demands for pictorial realism represented by Naturalism. Even before her 30th birthday the young painter from the Jutland town of Åbenrå added important new brushwork to the development of modern painting.
Enthusiasm was hardly what the 16-year-old Franciska was met with by her shopkeeper parents when she voiced her desire to attend art classes in....