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Jean-Baptiste Côté (30 May 1832 – 9 April 1907); Canadian architect, wood-carver, glider, wood engraver, caricaturist, publisher, and printer. His reputation rests on his wood engravings, and on his being one of Canada's earliest cartoonists.
The Saint-Roch fire of October 1866 destroyed Côté's workshop, and another fire on 24 May 1870 destroyed his home on Rue de la Couronne.
...Steel-hulled ship construction came to take over from those of wood in the 1870s, and Côté turned his skills elsewhere: furniture, signs, cigar store Indians, religious carvings, hearses, tombstones, and others.
Côté contributed about 60 wood-engraved cartoons to the satirical newspaper La Scie in 1864–65, and thereafter had political caricatures published in a variety of other such periodicals.
...Côté contracted a spinal condition in 1903 and had to give up his work. He died in poverty at his home on 9 April 1907 in Quebec City and left everything he owned to his three daughters who lived with him. He was buried at the Saint-Charles cemetery on 11 April and had a large funeral.
... b. 30 May 1832 in Saint-Roch parish, at Quebec, son of Jean-Baptiste Côté and Hélène Grenier; m. first 8 Sept. 1856 Marie Auger, daughter of Jacques Auger and Marie Roussin, at Quebec, and they had ten children; m. there secondly 21 Jan. 1884 Adélaïde Bédard; they had no children; d. 9 April 1907 in Saint-Roch.
Côté was to spend almost all his life in Saint-Roch in Lower Town where he was born.
He created carvings of various kinds, including nymphs (life-size female figures), for the prows and sterns of large vessels. Unfortunately, no work of this type has as yet been traced or definitively attributed to him.
...Côté’s daughter Laure said that he died in poverty. In fact throughout his career he had had great difficulty earning a living from his trade in face of the frequent ...