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Van der Weyden belongs amongst the greatest artists of the 15th century. However, not a single painting can be attributed to him with absolute certainty. Futhermore, there is no agreement over the chronology of his works. Van der Weyden most likely had many assistants in his Brussels studio, which makes attribution all the more difficult. Stylistically, he was tightly connected with his master instructor, the Master of Flémalle (Robert Campin), yet still his work has innovating qualities that had an enormous influence on other painters. He gave his works an emotional intensity, which makes it nearly impossible for the viewer to be left unmoved. He further developed a new reportoire of compositions that he often reused. Many other painters, also long after his death, took that repertoire over. His most influential works are The Descent from the Cross (Museo del Prado, Madrid), the Miraflores Altarpiece (Staatliche Museen, Berlin) and Christ on the Cross with the Virgin and Saint John (El Escorial, Madrid).
Circa 1399/ 1400: Rogier van der Weyden is born as Rogier de le Pasture in Tournai.
A detailed biography continues at http://vlaamseprimitieven.vlaamsekunstcollectie.be/en/biography/rogier-van-der-weyden