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Also Shmuel Hirschenberg
Hirszenberg was born in the Polish town of Lodz and chose to be an artist early in his life.
At 15 he began his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, where he was heavily influenced by the realistic painting of Jan Matejko. After two years of training in Kraków, he continued his studies from 1885-89 at the Royal Academy of Arts in Munich.
In 1891, Hirszenberg returned to Poland and in 1893 settled back in Lodz. His paintings reflected much imagery of his youth and symbolism of the Jewish genre. Noteworthy are the 3 most famous pictures of this period: Wandering Jew, Exile and Black Fla. For more than 4 years he occupied himself with the large painting The Eternal Jew before he showed it in 1900 in the Paris Salon.
In 1907, Hirszenberg emigrated to Palestine and became a lecturer at Bezalel... After a short and intense creative period, he died in 1908 in Jerusalem.
Samuel Hirszenberg (also Shmuel Hirschenberg) (Łódź, Feb. 22, 1865 – Sept. 15, 1908, Jerusalem); Polish-Jewish realist painter active in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Born in 1865, the eldest son of a weaving mill worker in Polish Łódź. Against the will of his father, but thanks to the financial assistance of a doctor, he chose to be an artist.
...In 1900, after working on a large painting, The Eternal Jew, for over 4 years, it was exhibited in the Paris Salon. Disappointed by the poor response in Paris Munich and Berlin, he retired for health reasons.
...Then Hirszenberg goes to Palestine. Out of the dismal grey of the Polish sky and the hopelessness of Jewish Galuth, he comes into the brilliant light of hopeful revival. With one stroke this experience changes the restraint in his soul, and his artistry. He has an urge...