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Victor Brauner (15 June 1903 – 12 March 1966); Romanian Jewish sculptor and painter of surrealistic images.
An iconic Romanian painter, Brauner was a leading figure in the Surrealist movement. Through his unique use of color, and his exploration of religion, folklore and dreams, he regularly transcended his own artistic boundaries, combining literature, philosophy, anthropology, metaphysics and spirituality in his works.
Brauner was a Romanian avant-garde painter. His paintings, drawings and prints are distinguished by their eclectic choice of imagery and diverse religious symbolism. He wanted to identify himself with the French Surrealists. In doing so, his tendency was to extend the use of poetry through the transformation of physical formations, guised as unique arrays of religious symbols. Encapsulating an incredible population of incubi, succubi, phantoms, spectres, seers, mediums and sorcerers. Brauner’s work integrated his fascination with both magic and private myth. Not only do his paintings depict Romanian folklore and esotericism, but they are also entrenched with spiritual symbols, developed from a personal allegoric iconography and inspired by his turbulent childhood and heightened anxieties. This depiction of both personal and social relations separate Brauner from his Surrealist counterparts, Max Ernst and Yves Tanguy. Furthermore, his paintings become enriched through an extraordinary and vivid use of color palette, as displayed in Brauner’s Prelude to Civilisation (1954) or ‘wax painting’.
....Brauner also became very interested in the depiction and domain of the body. In Self Portrait with Enucleated eye. Brauner manifests an image that would later be a premonition of an actual loss which would occur several years later. This painting in particular would later develop the artist’s autobiographical oeuvre and assert himself as a leading figure in... (http://theculturetrip.com/europe/romania/articles/victor-brauner-the-great-romanian-surrealist/)